Tuesday, March 21, 2006

Acid peptic disorders

Our Gastrointestinal (GI) tract has inner lining which is known as mucous membrane. These inner lining of GI tract has major role in saving the stomach from acids present in the stomach. It prevents injury to the GI tract by coating the GI tract walls. It acts as a barrier between the GI tract and acid. Thus mucous layer saves the GI tract from damage. If this mucous layer of GI tract gets damaged then acid can damage the GI tract.

Acid peptic disorders can be classified under the group of disorders which happens in upper gastrointestinal tract in which mucus layer of GI tract gets damaged by the unhampered action of hydrochloric acid present in the stomach (pepsin).

These include:
Peptic ulcer
Gastritis
Reflux oesophagitis
Dyspepsia
Gastric hyper secretary states like Zollinger Ellison syndrome.

Patients suffering with acid peptic disorders experience symptoms like burning pain in epigastric region, which results due to hyperacidity. Some reasons behind acidic peptic disorders are stress, smoking, alcohol and use of aspirin-like drugs etc.

Also read-Getting familiar with Jaundice
What we need to know about Calcium?
Rabeprazole- Latest Proton pump inhibitor
What are the major reasons behind constipation?

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