Tuesday, August 11, 2015

Have you imagined, how the moon will look with 83X Zoom through a Digital Camera?

Today, we live in a world where digital technology is making a great progress. With ordinary digital cameras, it is impossible to go very close to the moon. But with Nikon P900 digital camera with 83X zoom, you can go very near to the moon. You can see the video below to witness this journey close to the moon. I have also tried to capture pictures of moon by telephoto lens and digital DSLR camera; however, I was not able to go so close. The other issue is a constant rotation of the moon, which makes it difficult to focus at a single point. This is an amazing video which shows the increasing power of digital technology and how it is increasing the reach of humans. Soon many ordinary human beings will have such advanced capabiliites.

Sunday, August 09, 2015

Do You Know- The US prison industry is one of the most profitable industries in the US?

Yesterday, while watching a show on the national geographic channel, I came to know that the US prison industry is among the top most profitable industries in the US. There are more than 2 million prisoners in US jails, which is the highest number in the world much higher than China, the most populous country of the world. America has only 5% world population and it accounts for the nearly 25% prisoners in the world.

As per the estimates, this industry is likely to grow in the future by making a billions of dollars of profit. Therefore, there are many investors who want to invest in the US prison industry. In just ten years of time, the number of private prisons in US has increased from 5 to 100 which shows the growth in this sector.

These prisons make profits by forcing inmates to work at a fraction of the cost for the industries working in the jail premises. These prisoners make many items from army helmets, number plates, paint brushes, home appliances, speakers, furniture and many more.

The success of any business depends on the availability of cheap labor and prisons are helping industry with cheap labor. Most of the prisoners have no other option but to work for very less wages, if they say no to work, then they are given the hard punishments.

It is shocking to know that one of the most advance and richest country of the world is also one of the highest producers of prisoners in the world. Whereas countries like Sweeden are closing their prisons because of falling numbers of crimes and on the other side, crime rate is sharply increasing in the US, and further some people are making good money on this increase in prisoners in jails.

Some thinkers have written that US prison industry is anti-human and it reminds about the German Nazi concentration camps. A country like US which pretends to be liberal and human friendly needs a look at its social system and why such a huge social crisis exists in that country.

Battle of Bihar Assembly Election 2015 (Who will Win in Bihar?) (What Exit polls and opinion Polls Saying?)

Nitesh Kumar, Bihar Assembly Election, 2015
At present the biggest election battle which the whole nation waiting is Bihar Assembly Election 2015. BJP wants to take away the Bihar CM position from Nitish Kumar who was once a BJP allay. In politics, anything can change anytime, Bihar Assembly election 2015 provides a great example of it. BJP and JDU fought Bihar 2010 Assembly election together and won it with a landslide victory. However, this alliance lasted for 2 years only over the protest of Nitish Kumar for making Narendra Modi, BJP's prime ministerial candidate.

At present, Nitish Kumar is running his government with the support of RJD, once an arch rival party after Jitendra ram manjhi floated a new party. In the Bihar Assembly election 2015, we will see a tough battle between two political alliances of Congress-JDU-RJD and BJP-LJP-RLSP-HAM (Hindustan Awam Morcha).

There is a total of 243 Assembly seats in Bihar and any alliance or party needs to win at least 122 seats to make next government.  In the 2015 Bihar Assembly election, Bihar voters are confused because of changing political friendships. Last time, the parties which were fighting against each other are now on the same side.

Narendra Modi, Bihar Assembly Election
Here every political alliance and party is trying to win the votes of minorities and lower castes because of their decisive majority of many seats. BJP has added Jitendra Ram Manjhi to his alliance to attract the voters of the lower section. Both the alliance are making calculated moves to vow the voters so that they can vote for the party.

In the 2010 Bihar Assembly election, BJP-JDU alliance won 206 seats with BJP winning 91 and JDU 115 seats. RJD showed its worst performance with 22 seats, though it has a considerable vote share of 19%. If we go by the Loksabha election 2014 results, then BJP alliance was ahead in more than 170 seats. However, Assembly may show a different picture because many partners have changed.

The big difficulty for BJP is a move smoothly with the its regional partners who are demanding a good number of seats. These small political parties of BJP alliance like Rashtriya Lok Samata Party (RLSP) and the Hindustan Awam Morcha (HAM) will either help BJP or it may create problem for it.

Jatendra Ram ManjhiThe same is true for Nitish Kumar, who has joined hands with his arch rival Lalu Yadav. The big worrying for BJP may be huge vote share of JDU-RJD-Congress combined in the 2014 Loksabha election which was around 50% when combined. If the JDU alliance succeeded in retaining this vote share, then it near to impossible for the BJP to win in Bihar.

However, many things have changed since the 2014 Loksabha election and we are likely to see a shift in vote share and it is a real test for all political parties to attract a good vote share. In the past, a saw few option polls in Bihar and they are giving a mixed results. Some of them have given an edge to JDU-RJD-Congress alliance while others are giving the edge to BJP alliance.

However, one thing is very similar in every opinion poll that the margin of winning alliance, just differ by 20 to 30 seats only. This means that a winning alliance will win around 130 seats and losing alliance 110 seats.

Lalu Yadav, Bihar Assembly ElectionBJP is relying on the Karishma of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to work again in Bihar; therefore, it has not announced any CM candidate. These elections will also test the RJD because a defeat in this election will push RJD very down.

This means that the fight for Bihar is going to be very tough and a slight shift of a few percent of votes can make or break the fortunes of any political alliance. If I have to give my opinion, then JDU alliance has very narrow lead so far; though, it is very difficult to say anything because situations are changing daily.

Option poll Predictions for the Bihar Assembly Election 2015

JDU alliance   120-130
BJP alliance    115-125
Others              5-15

Wednesday, August 05, 2015

Indian Railway - How Safe is it?

Indian Railway, Safety,
Today, morning started with the shocking news of a major railway accident in Madhya Pradesh near Harda town in which more than two dozen passengers died and hundreds of them got wounded.  The two trains which become a victim of this incident are Kamayani Express and Janta Express.

As per the news, this accident may have happened due to flash floods which took away the land below the rail tracks, thus causing both trains on different tracks to derail at the same location. Whatever may be the reason, the reality is that a few more people lost their lives in a railway accident.

Government of India is saying that this accident is a result of natural disaster and therefore, nothing can't be done. As per the Railway board Chairman, two other trains passed safely this route just ten before the incident. In the rainy season, it is common to see rail tracks getting damaged because of Rain; therefore, it was the duty of Indian railway to ensure extra safety on the routes where flash floods may come.

However, India railways move with very little safety measures and we lack advanced electronic systems which can stop trains during any problem with the tracks. In India, it is common to see news related to railway accident and anyone who travels through the Indian Railways make himself mentally prepared that he is taking a risk.

The sad part is that the Government announces many new trains; however, it doesn't take Railway safety seriously. On the one side, we are preparing ourselves for the Bullet train and on the other side, our tracks are fit to face rains. Corruption, mismanagement and politicization are pulling Indian Railway down.

It is sad to see so many people dying due to railway accident and still no concrete steps are taken to solve these problems. There are many things which can be done to make Indian Railways one of the best in the world; however, somewhere we lack will power to do so. 
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